Railfest was a celebration of train travel and railway heritage across the UK. The collections described in the Archives Hub include papers of inventors and engineers , records of locomotive manufacturers , railway companies and railway workers' unions , and papers of writers who had a special enthusiasm for railways and steam engines.
And along with the steam train, we even take a ride on the Undulating Railway and the Railplane as well. We also include links to websites of archives and museums relating to railways and train travel, and to heritage railways, and some suggested reading. Links are provided to records on Copac for these items. The Copac library catalogue gives free access to the merged online catalogues of major University, Specialist, and National Libraries in the UK and Ireland, including the British Library.
For more information about accessing items see the FAQs on the Copac website.
Steamboats and ships
You can receive regular updates on our special features by joining our mailing list. You might also be interested in Union General William Tecumseh Sherman provided particularly adept at the art of railroad sabotage. By , he had produced his first two models, the Pioneer and the Springfield, named for the Illinois hometown of then-President Abraham Lincoln.
The funeral train was front-page news, and when Pullman also temporarily loaned one of his beautiful sleeper cars to a grief-stricken Mary Todd Lincoln, the publicity poured in.
George Stephenson's First Steam Locomotive | History Today
Two years later, he established the Pullman Palace Car Company, which would revolutionize train travel around the world. In , Englishman Thomas Cook, a Baptist minister, organized a train excursion for parishioners to attend a temperance meeting in London. Cook negotiated a set fare for passengers, including tickets and a meal.
The trip was so successful that he expanded his operations, first within the United Kingdom and then to the United States and Europe, providing passengers with comprehensive packages including transportation, accommodations and meals. In , the agency, now known as Thomas Cook and Son, launched an international railway timetable, still published today, and by they were selling more than 3 million rail tickets annually.
Britain adopted a standardized time system in , but it took nearly 40 more years before the United States joined the club. America still ran on local time, which could vary from town to town and within cities themselves , making scheduling arrival, departure, and connection times nearly impossible. After years of lobbying for standardized time, representatives from all major U. The plan originally called for a fifth time zone, the Intercontinental, which was instituted several years later and became known as Atlantic Time.
At noon on November 18, the U.
Naval Observatory sent out a telegraph signal marking pm ET, and railway office in cities and towns across the country calibrated their clocks accordingly. But within 20 years there were more than 9,, as the U.
George Stephenson's First Steam Locomotive
By the beginning of the Civil War in , there were 30, miles more than 21, of them in the North , and lobbyists were clamoring for a transcontinental system across the nation. The number of railroad miles continued to climb until hitting its peak in That year there were more than , miles of track—enough to reach the moon from Earth.
When Englishman Richard Trevithick launched the first practical steam locomotive in , it averaged less than 10 mph.